The Origin Of The Wine; Popular Varieties And Interesting Facts
Wine is an alcoholic drink typically made from fermented grape juice. Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol, carbon dioxide, and heat. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different styles of wine.
When other fruits are fermented to produce a kind of wine, the name of the fruit is included, as in the terms peach wine and blackberry wine.
Fruit wines have traditionally been popular with home winemakers and in areas with cool climates such as North America and Scandinavia whilst in East Africa, India, and the Philippines, wine is made from bananas.
The earliest archaeological and archaeobotanical evidence for grape wine and viniculture, dating to 6000-5800 BC was found on the territory of modern Georgia.
The first known mention of grape-based wines in India is from the late 4th-century BC writings of Chanakya, the chief minister of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya. In his articles, Chanakya censured the use of alcohol while documenting the emperor and his court’s indulgence of a style of wine known as madhu.
Wines made in the styles listed below can be vinified in many ways, ranging from dry to sweet.
Chardonnay is a medium to full-bodied white wine that is grown globally but holds its own as the most popular wine varietal in America. The best types of Chardonnay are oaked-aged and have a buttery mouthfeel.
Sauvignon Blanc is a light, dry and crisp white wine that has citrus notes and grassy aromas.
Riesling is the chief wine of Germany and is at first sweet and acidic but balances out with honey flavors and a significant minerality. Riesling is great for pairing with spicy rich foods like pork.
Pinot Grigio is a typical Italian white wine. This wine type can be described as light, dry and refreshing with crisp fruit flavors like apple or pear.
Malbec, although originally produced in France, has been popularized by the Mendoza region in Argentina. This wine is a full-bodied, deep red wine that has dark berry fruit flavors and moderate tannins
Pinot Noir is a light to medium-bodied red wine whose grapes flourish in colder climates. Described as smooth and fruit-forward, Pinot Noir has red-fruit aromas, most commonly cherry, and just a hint of spices and earthiness.
Merlot is a popular wine of America’s western growing regions, while remaining one of the more prominent grapes in Bordeaux. Merlot is much like Cabernet Sauvignon only more fruit-forward. Red fruit flavors and aromas are made complex by smooth tannins, as well as spice and vanilla notes.
Seven Interesting facts about wine that one might not be aware of:
1. The oldest winery is of Armenian, dated to 4100 BCE.
2 .If you see a label marked ‘Demeter’, this means that the wine has been certified as biodynamic.
3. Wine glasses are tulip-shaped, curving inwards at the top so that aromas aren’t able to escape.
4. A 75cl bottle of wine contains the juice of 600 to 800 grapes.
5. Vatican City leads the world in wine consumption per capita.
6. Champagne bottles contain more pressure than the tires of a car.
7. Champagne bottles are made from thicker glass to resist the pressure created by carbonation.