A note on types of Perfumes

Fragrances have a subtle meaning ingrained in them. People use them as their signature scent identifying to moods and occasions. Fragrances comes in several forms: Eau Fraiche, Cologne (Eau de Cologne), Toilette (Eau de Toillette), Perfume (Eau de Parfum) and Perfume. They all comprise of perfume oil, alcohol and water, but the differences in them is the concentration amount. The concentration of actual extracts of fragrance determine their strength and time period they would smell. The variation starts with the lowest amount in Eau Fraiche to highest in Perfume.

Eau Fraiche

This is the most diluted fragrance that last for less than an hour. They contain not more than 1% to 3% perfume oil. The rest of the mixture is alcohol and water. Such fragrances are strong with heavy intensity. Since they last only for minutes, they leave a strong impression in less time. They have high water content instead of alcohol.

Cologne (Eau de Cologne)

They have slightly higher amount of perfume oil concentration ranging from 2% to 4%. These fragrances last for a couple of hours. Cologne was developed in Germany in a province with the same name. It’s literal meaning is “water from Cologne”. They are light, fresh and generally with a fruity scent. Essential oils like lemon, bergamot, orange, lavender, rosemary and absolute neroli are common oils used in Cologne. They are used a diluted version of perfume for younger people. They have high alcohol content and low water content.

Eau de Toilette

This type of fragrance lasts for about three hours. Here the concentration of essential oil is from 5% to 15%. The scent changes hours after it is applied as it is influenced by factors like hormone, sweat, skin type and even the climate. These would impact the final scent of this fragrance. They are usually sold in spray bottles. Its intensity is less and the scent would become light quickly. They have high alcohol content.

Eau de Parfum or Perfume

These lasts for five to eight hours containing 15% to 20% of essential oil. They have intense top notes with strong scent. These scents surface when applied initially while, the secondary scentoozes out in the dry-down period. Like Eau de Toilette, this scent depends on several factors like hormone, skin type and sweat. Furthermore, the latter attributes depend on type of food we eat.


This the strongest fragrance that lasts for up to 24 hours. They contain 20% to 30% perfume essence and more alcohol. They are thick and oily. They are expensive as they have higher amount of essential oil. They have origin dating back to 2nd millennium BC in Mesopotamia. They are mixtures of primarily essential oils, aromatic compounds and solvents.